The plantar fascia refers to a band of thick tissue that runs beneath the bottom of your foot, connecting your heel bone to your toes. Plantar fasciitis refers to a relatively common foot issue that involves an inflamed plantar fascia. According to Dr. Michael Brown and Dr. Charles J. Lyons of Chiropractic in Sterling Heights, MI, plantar fasciitis has the potential to create heel pain, especially with your initial first steps after waking or after periods of inactivity. However, Plantar fasciitis can be managed by a healthcare provider.
Plantar Fasciitis Symptoms
The most common plantar fasciitis symptom is that of pain running through the bottom of your foot - usually after you have been at rest for some time. And plantar fasciitis pain often increases when you have been standing or walking for prolonged periods.
Common Plantar Fasciitis Causes
Plantar fasciitis causes vary but include a foot structure issue or poor foot mechanics, like flat feet or high arches. In addition, lifestyle influences can impact the development and progression of plantar fasciitis -
Poor-fitting shoes have been shown to contribute to the development of plantar fasciitis.
Excessive running, standing, or walking can cause inflammation and plantar fascia microtears.
Excess body weight can inflame the plantar fascia.
Tight Achilles Tendon
This tendon at the heel can strain the plantar fascia.
Plantar Fasciitis Treatments and Management
In addition to staying off your feet, resting, and applying ice to reduce inflamed tissue, the following plantar fasciitis treatments are effective in reducing pain and other related symptoms –
- Therapeutic exercises to stretch the Achilles tendon and plantar fascia.
- Appropriate shoes to support and cushion.
- Custom orthotic shoe inserts for improved support.
- Light/sound therapies can encourage healing and reduce pain.
- Night splints can help maintain the foot’s appropriate position.
Preventing Plantar Fasciitis
For many people, proactively managing their condition is the best and most effective approach -
- Maintain a healthy weight based on recommendations.
- Gradually add exercise to ensure you are not injured in the process.
- Incorporate regular stretching of the Achilles tendon/calf muscles.